DIY laptop setup

Customize your laptop to extend battery life and battery life. We reduce the heating of the battery during operation.

With Windows 10 and the next major updates, Microsoft has added many new features specifically for laptops, such as extending battery life, saving energy, or adjusting AC-based computing power.

But despite numerous updates, Windows 10 is not ideal for laptops: you can only get accurate information about batteries and hardware with additional tools.

That is why during exercise laptop repair, installation and configuration of software (Windows installations) our service provides a complete software package. It includes: Windows operating system, drivers, software package, antivirus, power management utilities.

Windows Built-in Tools: Power Saver Settings for Laptops.

Consider the Windows 10 settings that are responsible for saving the system.

Go to the section "Settings", "System", in the menu "Networking and energy saving" and "Battery".

In the first menu, you set when the screen turns off and the laptop goes into power saving mode, each separately for mains operation and on battery power.

Display backlighting is one of the biggest consumers of a laptop: it is therefore important, especially on battery power, to lower the screen brightness as much as possible. By default, Windows does this after five minutes: depending on the task you are doing on the laptop, you must lengthen or shorten this time.

In the Standby section, Windows will tell you when the laptop will enter sleep mode. The default is 15 minutes.

In power saving mode, the screen and hard drive are off and the system state is saved in RAM, so only the main memory needs to be turned on (S3 standby state).

Some active programs can wake the computer from this sleep state when they become active. For example a USB controller when you plug in a plug or touch the touch pad.

Even network devices such as a LAN chip or WLAN module will "wake up" the laptop.

You can also put your laptop to sleep. This deep sleep is useful, for example, if you take your device with you on the way to work.

The laptop will not draw any power in this mode, except for components that allow you to wake it up, such as the power button. Windows saves the system state to your hard drive in the Hiberfil.sys file, so you can immediately continue working with programs that were active before you hibernated.

Therefore, this hibernation is more convenient than simply closing the laptop, because after that the operating system must completely reboot.

Depending on the memory of your computer, the hiberfil.sys file can grow to several gigabytes and can be deleted if you disable Idle State. But this is not recommended for a laptop.

Since it cannot be moved from the C: partition, you must delete other files if there is not enough space on the system partition. By the way, Windows Explorer doesn't show Hiberfil.sys by default. First you have to hide the item "Hide protected system files (recommended)" in "Explorer" via "View -> Options -> View" and the option "Hidden files, folders and drives".

In Windows 10, you cannot select hibernation directly from the Start button: the Power Saving option you find there first switches the calculator to S3 mode. Only if you don't use the laptop for a longer time will Windows switch to S4 state. To enable sleep mode, go to "System -> Power & Sleep" and click "Advanced Power Settings" in the upper right corner.

This will take you to the control panel and click on "Choose what to do when I press the power buttons" on the left. Hibernation appears in the window below in the Shutdown Settings section: however, you cannot activate it until you click on “Some settings are currently unavailable” at the top. Then confirm with "Save Changes".

If you want to put your laptop into sleep or hibernation immediately, you can also use the power button or just close the lid. You can instruct Windows to keep your laptop in a different sleep state: for example, if you just leave the laptop for a few minutes, you can use the power button to start S3 power saving mode.

If you want your laptop to fall asleep right away for longer transport, just close the lid. The related settings can be found in the Power Options on the Control Panel if you click "Choose what to do when you press the power buttons." From here, you can select the desired sleep state for each activity from the drop-down menu.

To determine when the laptop goes to sleep by itself, you need to enter the control panel. Under Power Options, click Change Power Plan Settings in the active power plan, then click Change advanced power settings. When the idle state is activated when running on battery or mains power, set "Power Saver -> Sleep After".

Windows: Built-in service for displaying battery information.

Windows only shows a small amount of information about the power consumption and battery health of the laptop. However, there is a hidden built-in tool that will display more detailed information: it is a Powercfg tool that can be invoked from the command line. A complete overview of the power consumption of the laptop is issued with the command: "powercfg -energy"

Windows will check the laptop for power consumption and battery problems after entering the command for 60 seconds. The test report is saved in the “energy-report.html” file in the Windows \ system32 folder. First of all, you should pay attention to the red highlighted errors and warnings marked in yellow: here Windows provides information on how to use battery power more energy efficiently. You can find information there that the laptop cannot use a certain power saving feature because it does not support hardware and drivers.

Full battery information can be obtained using the "powercfg -batteryreport" command.

Information about the maximum capacity and the wear and tear of the battery that occurs after prolonged use of the battery will become available to you.

Tips for fixing some problems:

If the laptop refuses to switch to power saving mode, or if individual components such as the screen or WLAN do not respond to the wake-up signal, this is almost always a registry error. Windows Power Manager, which is part of the operating system, communicates the options you select in the power options for the drivers for each device.

Therefore, all drivers need to be updated first. This is especially true for major Windows updates. Don't forget about the drivers for the chipset. Updating the BIOS is recommended if you find your laptop battery is losing power quickly even when it is not working.

If the current driver does not solve the problem or there is no new driver for a specific component, you can change the hardware settings as an interim solution. To do this, go to Windows Device Manager and double-click on the component item, select Properties, and then the Power Management tab. Uncheck "The computer may turn off this device to save power."

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Another option in this menu, "The device can wake the computer from sleep", should be temporarily disabled if you notice that the laptop wakes up unexpectedly.

Settings for laptops that are only available in Windows 10.

Windows 10 comes with a brand new power saving mode that the operating system always activates when the battery goes below 20 percent. In the menu "System -> Battery" you will find the options you want. There you can also set a different battery level using the slider from which the power saving mode should operate. In addition, Windows automatically dims the display by 30 percent in this mode.

Windows 10 Power Saving Mode, in addition to screen brightness, modifies Windows functionality, but does not impose hard limits on hardware components such as the processor or hard drive. If the mode is active and the content of new Windows applications such as Store, Mail, Calendar, and Contacts is not updated, for security reasons, optional Windows updates will not be downloaded. In addition, most applications running in the background are blocked, with the exception of certain programs, such as IP telephony communications.

You can allow some applications to run in the background while in power saving mode, for example, to sync content and status messages: tap Battery by application. In the list of applications that you see, click the desired application and remove it. Then the "Application is allowed to run background tasks" option will be displayed.

In addition, with the new power saving mode, you can also customize video playback by clicking "Change battery settings for video playback" at the bottom of the page. In the next menu, you will see the corresponding settings under Battery Options, where you can reduce the video playback quality to achieve a longer battery life. Or you want the best picture quality even without AC power. Then select the "Optimize video quality" option.

Windows 10: special options for laptops.

Windows 10 has many new tweaks that are especially useful for laptops. For example, under "System -> Screen" you will find night mode.

You can activate it with a sliding switch. Windows then dims the brightness in the backlight of the display: the screen subsequently displays a warmer hue, which, when working on a laptop at night, reduces eye strain, so it will be easier for you to fall asleep at night. You can adjust the night mode by clicking on "Night mode settings". Then select the color temperature of the display to get the most comfortable picture for you, and in the "Schedule" section, set the time when the night mode should be activated on the laptop.

Also suitable for working at night on a laptop in dark mode. Windows 10 changes the color scheme in settings from black text on a white background to a dark background with blue text: Reduced display brightness relaxes the eyes.

Activate dark mode in the settings under "Personalization -> Colors". There, under "Select default application mode", turn on "Dark" below.

Basic Toolkit: The best software for your laptop.

Many system and hardware products are equally suitable for PCs and laptops. But there are some programs that have special functions for laptops or may be useful only for a mobile computer. Here we present the most important ones from which you can build your own toolbox.

Aida64 Extreme is a comprehensive hardware information and analysis tool. For example, for a laptop, the menu "Computer -> Power Management" is relevant: here Aida64 shows information about the type of battery and its state. In the line "Wear level" you can see how much the battery capacity has already been reduced.

Batterycare provides you with important information about your laptop's battery: you can see the current state of charge and, as a result, the remaining battery life. In the detailed information menu, the tool also displays the current discharge rate and the percentage of battery wear. In the Options section, you can also set Batterycare to notify you of certain battery operations - for example, if the remaining battery life drops below a certain percentage or the battery is charged to the specified capacity.

With Crystaldiskinfo, you can monitor the health of your hard drive or SSD in your notebook. The tool displays information about the general health and temperature of the media. If Crystaldiksinfo does not recognize the drive installed in the laptop, you can switch to the appropriate analysis tool from the board manufacturer.

You should definitely use VPN software like Cyberghost VPN if you connect to your laptop via a public WLAN. The signal is not encrypted and therefore always risky, but it is often the only way to access the Internet if you are traveling with a laptop. The VPN tool ensures that even on public WLANs, the data you send or receive from the internet is protected.

Inssider is a tool for testing your Wi-Fi signal. Since you are not always in the same place with your laptop, you can test it anywhere. For example, with Inssider you can find that the signals of the wireless router on the balcony are very weak or the radio networks in the area are disrupted, you can make a channel change in the router. Also, using the program, you can find a place with the best connection in a public access point.

Notebookfancontrol can be used to adjust the fan in the notebook. However, the program must support the corresponding sensors that are installed. With Notebookfancontrol, users can use a configuration file to set the appropriate settings for their laptop model and make it available to the program.

Windows 10: The battery level icon does not always display the correct information.

If you are using your laptop while on the move, you often look down to the lower-right side of the Windows taskbar: there is a battery icon that shows the remaining battery life when you hover over it. However, this information can change frequently and the remaining runtime can be drastically reduced in a matter of minutes. This has to do with how Windows calculates the remaining battery life: the operating system shares the current charge level with the discharge - and of course, this is highly dependent on the settings and applications you use on your laptop. For example, if you change the brightness of the screen and start playing a video, the laptop will run out of power faster than if you were editing text.

By the way, since the Fall Creators Update, you can also use the battery icon in the taskbar to monitor your laptop's power consumption. If you click on the icon, you will see a slider that can be moved between the two options "Longest Battery Life" and "Best Performance": the further to the left of the controller, the more efficient the laptop runs on battery power.

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